What is a Limited Company?


Entrepreneurs and business owners have various business structures to choose from to grow and sustain their businesses. Among these structures, limited partnerships, which prioritize capital partnership and risk sharing, hold significant importance. In this article, we will take a closer look at limited partnerships, also known as "Hiosis."

Definition of Limited Partnership

A limited partnership is a business structure where at least one partner has unlimited liability while the liability of other partners is limited to the capital they have contributed. In such a company, some partners are only responsible for contributing capital and are called limited partners, while others are responsible for managing and administering the business, known as general partners.

Characteristics of a Limited Partnership

  1. Partnership Structure: A limited partnership consists of at least one limited liability partner and one or more general partners. Limited partners bear limited risk, relying solely on the capital they invest, while general partners are responsible for the management of the business.

  2. Capital Contribution: Limited partners contribute a certain amount of capital to the company, which is utilized for the operations of the business. General partners not only invest capital but also participate in the management and decision-making processes.

  3. Liability: Limited partners have limited liability, meaning they are not personally liable for the debts or obligations of the business beyond their invested capital. However, general partners have unlimited liability and can be held personally responsible for the company's debts.

  4. Management and Decision Making: In a limited partnership, general partners typically play an active role in managing the business. They participate in decision-making processes and determine the strategic goals of the company. Limited partners usually take a passive role and do not directly engage in management.

  5. Legal Status and Regulation: Limited partnerships are formally registered and subject to specific regulations according to local laws. They must comply with certain legal requirements regarding taxation and auditing.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Limited partnerships offer several advantages, including:

  • Risk Sharing: Limited partners bear limited risk, protecting their personal assets.
  • Partnership Flexibility: Ideal structure for those who wish to actively participate in managing the business.
  • Tax Benefits: Limited partnerships may benefit from tax advantages in certain cases.

However, they also come with disadvantages:

  • Difference in Liability: General partners face unlimited liability, putting their personal assets at risk.
  • Management Issues: Decision-making processes in limited partnerships can be complex, leading to conflicts among partners.
  • Limited Autonomy: Limited partners cannot participate in business management and must maintain a passive role.


Limited partnerships offer various advantages and disadvantages for business owners. Factors such as capital and risk sharing, management flexibility, and tax benefits may lead entrepreneurs to choose this business structure. However, it is essential to consider the responsibilities and management issues between limited and general partners. When establishing a business, seeking expert advice and carefully evaluating legal requirements are crucial steps.


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