What is Withholding?


In today's business world, tax practices have become increasingly complex. With constant updates to tax laws and regulations, it is crucial for businesses to accurately fulfill their tax obligations. In this context, one of the concepts that businesses often encounter and need to understand is "withholding tax." Particularly in Turkey, the concept of "withholding tax" is frequently used and plays a significant role in the financial processes of businesses. In this article titled "Withholding Tax: What is Withholding Tax?", we will delve into what withholding tax is, how it is applied, and its importance for businesses.

Definition and Objectives of Withholding Tax

Withholding tax is a type of tax where a certain percentage is deducted from the tax base and paid to the relevant tax authority. Commonly encountered in commercial activities, withholding tax can be applied to various types of taxes such as income tax, corporate tax, VAT, among others. Its primary purpose is to expedite the tax collection process and prevent tax evasion, thereby providing a cash inflow to the tax administration and helping to maintain fiscal balance.

Areas of Application for Withholding Tax

Withholding tax can be applied in various areas and situations. For example:

  1. Withholding from Salaries: Employers are required to withhold income tax from the salaries they pay to employees. This entails deducting tax from the gross salary to arrive at the net amount received by the employee.

  2. Withholding from Rental Incomes: Withholding tax may need to be applied to rental incomes from real estate leases. The tenant is responsible for making tax deductions at the source when paying the rent, subject to certain rates.

  3. Withholding on Sales: Sellers may withhold taxes such as VAT from certain product or service sales and remit them to the tax authority.

  4. Withholding on Payments Abroad: Payments made abroad, especially for services or goods related to business, may require withholding tax.

Importance of Withholding Tax for Businesses

For businesses, withholding tax plays a crucial role in fulfilling their tax obligations. When applied correctly, it can impact their costs and help manage cash flow. Additionally, it serves as an effective tool in preventing tax evasion and ensures regular cash inflow to the tax authority. However, accurate and timely application of withholding tax is vital for businesses to manage their financial processes correctly and fulfill their tax obligations accurately.


Withholding tax is a significant tax practice that businesses encounter while fulfilling their tax obligations. It offers various benefits such as preventing tax evasion, expediting tax collection, and facilitating tax audits. Nevertheless, it must be applied correctly and managed in accordance with tax regulations. Therefore, it is essential for businesses to closely monitor withholding tax practices and seek professional assistance to ensure accurate compliance with their tax obligations.


We use cookies in accordance with legal regulations to improve your experience. For detailed information Cookie Policy You can reach via