Estonia Tax Rates and Tax Calculation


Estonia has emerged as one of the most appealing business environments in Europe. One of the factors that make its business landscape attractive is its tax policy. Estonia offers competitive tax rates for both businesses and individuals and implements a tax system that facilitates business operations. Here are some key aspects of Estonia's tax system:

  1. Corporate Income Tax: Estonia does not impose corporate income tax. Companies are not taxed on their profits, which provides a significant advantage for businesses and enhances opportunities for reinvestment and growth.

  2. Personal Income Tax: Personal income tax in Estonia is subject to a low rate and is only levied on distributed profits. The personal income tax rate is 20%. However, it is taxed on distributed profits, and no tax is paid until profits are distributed.

  3. Value Added Tax (VAT): The standard VAT rate in Estonia is 20%. However, reduced VAT rates may apply to certain goods and services.

  4. Social Security Contributions: Social security contributions exist between employers and employees in Estonia. These contributions are used for retirement, healthcare services, and other social assistance.

  5. Tax Deductions and Incentives: Estonia offers various tax deductions and incentives to encourage investment. These incentives may include research and development activities, job creation, and regional investments.

Tax Calculation and Processes

Tax calculation processes in Estonia are transparent and straightforward. Businesses and individuals can electronically submit their tax returns, which are easily processed by the tax authorities. Tax calculation processes typically involve the following steps:

  1. Income Declaration: Businesses and individuals report their income to the tax authorities. This is a regular process and is electronically accepted by the tax authorities.

  2. Tax Calculation: Reported incomes are calculated based on the relevant tax rates. While personal income tax is levied on distributed profits, VAT and other taxes are calculated based on the sales or transactions of relevant goods and services.

  3. Tax Payment: Calculated taxes must be paid within a specific period, usually on a quarterly or annual basis.

  4. Tax Refund or Debt: The tax authorities may issue tax refunds for overpayments or request debts for underpayments.


Estonia offers a competitive tax environment for both businesses and individuals. The low corporate income tax rate, flexibility in personal income tax, and other tax advantages make it an attractive option for doing business. Additionally, transparent tax calculation processes and electronic tax filing options streamline tax procedures and alleviate the burden on businesses. Estonia's tax policy continues to be an attractive option for both local entrepreneurs and international corporations.


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